Do you have a great business idea, but you’re not quite sure how to get from the idea phase into owning and operating your own business in Georgia? You’ve come to the right place! There are many important aspects to running a company, and like any other state, Georgia has its own rules and regulations to consider.
In this guide to starting a business in Georgia, we’ll discuss all the relevant details to business ownership in this state. By the time you’re done reading, we think you’ll have a strong grasp on the necessary steps involved.
How to Start a Business in Georgia (in 10 Steps)
1) Create a Business Plan
The first step to creating any business in any state is to plan what products and services you’ll sell, set your operational budget, and figure out how you want to market your company.
Your business plan doesn’t have to be fancy at all, you just need to make sure you spend enough time considering these important aspects before you actually launch your business. To get started, SBA.gov has a great free tool.
2) Choose a Name
The name of your business is an extremely important attribute because it’s often how you make your first impression to potential customers.
Depending on whether you choose to form a corporation or a limited liability company, there are some legal aspects as well (for example, an LLC must include “LLC” or “limited liability company” in the business name, and a corporation must include “incorporated,” “corporation,” “Inc.,” or “Corp.”).
Beyond the basic legalities, you should focus on clearly identifying what your company does in your business name. You can also consider incorporating your values into your business name, like using the word “green” to denote environmental friendliness.
Something You Love
Finally, choose a name that you personally like and take pride in, and one that both sounds good when spoken aloud and looks good on paper.
One big piece of advice we have for naming a business is that you shouldn’t get too focused on one idea until you either form your company or reserve the name.
The Georgia state government provides step-by-step instructions for registering a new business name with the Georgia Tax Center. The process is pretty simple, and you will receive a confirmation email with your new login information once registration is complete. Before filing your confirmation documents, you can also reserve your business name with the Secretary of State for a period of 30 days. The fee is $25, and you can file the necessary forms on the Georgia Secretary of State’s website.
3) Decide on a Registered Agent
All business entities in Georgia must continually maintain a registered agent. Your registered agent needs to have a physical address in the state of Georgia, but can be any one of the following:
- An individual resident of the state
- A domestic business (i.e. commercial registered agent companies)
- A foreign business authorized to do business in the state (i.e. commercial registered agent companies formed outside of Georgia)
This position is vital to any Georgia business because without a registered agent, you could lose your good standing with the state, see your business dissolved by the state, or even remain unaware of a lawsuit progressing against your company.
For more information, check out our full article about Georgia registered agents.
Rocket Tip: We recommend designating an online service to handle these requirements. This eliminates junk mail and keeps your personal and/or business address off public record. ZenBusiness and IncFile both offer a free registered agent service when you use them to form a business online.
4) Choose a Structure and Form Your Business
If you’re just operating a sole proprietorship or general partnership, you don’t need this step (or several of the others in this guide, including selecting a registered agent), because those business structures don’t require any sort of formal formation process.
This leaves two main options: the corporation and the limited liability company.
The LLC is the more common option, partially because it’s much simpler. There’s not much paperwork involved, and the maintenance requirements basically amount to an annual report. Furthermore, LLC owners still receive the personal asset protection that makes a corporation so attractive as a business type in the first place. For more specific information about starting an LLC, check out our full article on the topic.
For some entrepreneurs, the corporation is the better choice. There’s far more effort involved both in forming one and in maintaining it with the state of Georgia, but for larger businesses they’re usually the better option, as they allow for more growth and investment than LLCs generally do.
If you would like to know more, check out our “LLC vs Corporation: What Is the Difference?” article. No matter which business structure you choose to form, you can find all the relevant forms on the Iowa Secretary of State’s website or have a professional business formation website do it for you.
5) Take Care of Tax Obligations
The vast majority of businesses operating in Georgia will need a federal tax ID number (EIN), which can be acquired from the IRS.
Tax obligations will vary based on the type of business (corporation, LLC, etc.) and the nature of your industry. While most Georgia corporations will need to pay state corporate income tax, LLCs and partnerships generally do not. However, special tax rates and exemptions may apply to certain industries, like film, alcohol and tobacco, and motor fuel. For more information on tax obligations in this state, check out the Georgia Department of Revenue’s website.
Keep in mind that your city and/or county may have taxation requirements as well, so make sure to check with them to make sure you aren’t missing anything.
Here are some business resources for a few of the largest cities in Georgia:
6) Acquire Business Licenses and Permits
All businesses must file Annual Registration with the state of Georgia. This must be done once a year between January and April.
Much like with taxation issues, there’s also the matter of local licenses to consider. You can learn more about county-level occupational licenses right here.
7) Obtain Required Insurance Policies
The state of Georgia requires any business with 3 or more employees to obtain workers’ compensation insurance. There are also different insurance requirements for certain industries and business types. If your business uses a vehicle, you will need commercial automobile insurance; if you rent a workspace, you may need to show proof of liability insurance as well.
You can learn more about your insurance options and requirements at this link.
It is the employer’s responsibility to get these policies to protect your employees, regardless of what line of business you’re in. Of course, it’s probably a good idea to acquire industry-specific policies to protect your company in other ways, but unemployment and workers’ comp are the ones strictly required by law.
8) Open a Business Bank Account
Whether you start a limited liability company or a corporation, you’ll need to keep your business and personal assets separated.
This is where opening a business bank account comes in. While having a separate checking account for your company isn’t a legal requirement, it makes separating your assets considerably easier, and we always advise that any business owner does so.
9) Develop a Business Website
In this day and age, even strictly local businesses should have a website, because the internet is your first point of contact for many of your customers. Your site doesn’t need to be fancy, but you should put some thought into your domain name, and make sure it’s something memorable and easy to type without misspellings.
If you’re not comfortable designing a site yourself ― and if you also don’t have the budget to hire a professional designer ― there are plenty of website builder tools that can help you put together a solid website. WordPress and Weebly are very easy to use.
10) Don’t Be Afraid to Ask for Help
If you run into problems with any of the steps outlined in this guide, remember that you can always find help.
In Georgia, one of the best resources for small businesses is the Georgia Small Business Development Center. The SBDC has 17 locations across the state, with representatives who are ready to answer your questions and help you grow your business. You can also find tutorials and advice for starting your business on the Georgia Secretary of State’s website.
Another great resource for small business owners is the U.S. Small Business Administration. Their website has information regarding small business events, business resources, funding options, SBA programs, and more.
While there are several vital steps in the process of starting a business in Georgia, taken individually these steps aren’t terribly complex.
It can seem overwhelming if you consider the entire process all at once, but if you break down these steps and take care of them one at a time, they’re all quite manageable. Keep in mind that you don’t need to go it alone with the DIY option ― if this process becomes overwhelming, or if you simply don’t have the time and energy to devote to these steps ― assistance is available.