Do you own a business operating in the state of Montana? If so, you may need to acquire licenses and permits to ensure that your company operates in a compliant fashion.
But how do you determine which permits and licenses you need (if any), and where do you acquire them? In this guide to Montana business licenses and permits, we’ll answer all the tough questions about this process.
Are There Federal Licenses That My Business Needs?
First off, let’s discuss the matter of federal licenses and permits. There are many business activities that are regulated by various federal agencies, from agriculture to transportation and logistics. We recommend taking a look at the U.S. Small Business Administration’s guide to federal licenses and permits to make sure you’ve got your bases covered.
In addition, most businesses should acquire a federal tax ID number, also known as an EIN (employer identification number). This is essentially a social security number for your business, and it enables you to hire employees, pay business taxes, open business bank accounts, and more. You can acquire an EIN from the IRS for free.
What State-Level Licenses and Permits Apply in Montana?
You do not need to obtain a general business license in Montana. However, there are various professional licenses, local licenses, and environmental permits that your business may need to obtain.
To search for professional licenses in Montana, consult the Department of Revenue’s list of state licenses. Some business activities, like underground tank installation or coal mining, will require environmental permits. You can learn more about these requirements on the Montana Department of Environmental Quality website.
Which Tax Registrations are Required for Montana Businesses?
In addition to occupational licenses and permits, there are a number of state-level tax registrations, which are based on the industry you operate in and which business structure your company uses.
Any business with employees in the state of Montana will need to register to pay withholding tax, and all corporations must pay the state corporate income tax.
There are numerous industry-specific tax requirements in Montana. Some of the most common tax registrations apply to the following industries:
- State lottery
- Retail food
- Petroleum dealers
- Underground storage tank
- Beer and wine sales
- Tobacco and vape sales
For more information on business tax registration requirements in Montana, check out the Department of Revenue business tax page.
Are There Local Licenses, Permits, or Registrations in Montana?
The answer to this question obviously depends on where in Montana you’re operating your business, but there are indeed quite a few licenses, permits, and tax registrations required by Montana localities.
Local licenses are managed at the city or county level in Montana. To learn more about the licensing requirements in your city or county, consult the Montana Association of Counties website and/or the Montana League of Cities and Towns website.
If we were to break down the exact rules and regulations regarding permitting in every locality in the state of Montana, this article would become excessively lengthy. With that in mind, we’ll simply say that every business owner should check with their local government to determine whether there are licenses, permits, or tax registrations required to operate in compliant fashion.
Can I Hire Someone to Research Licenses and Permits for My Business?
If this process sounds like a bit of a hassle, that’s because it certainly can be. If you would rather hire a reputable business services provider to handle this for you, that is always an option.
Companies like Incfile can research the necessary licenses and permits for your company on the federal, state, county, and municipal levels. They will then send you the applications you need to acquire these permits and licenses, meaning all you need to do is fill them out and mail them in.
There is no one-size-fits-all answer for the question of which licenses and permits your business might require to operate in the state of Montana. Instead, it’s important that you know how to access the resources to determine which permits your company needs to operate in a compliant fashion.
We hope this article helped you to do just that, and we wish you good fortune in your business future!